Event Details

The Timeline of the Egyptian Civilization


The Timeline of the Egyptian Civilization

14-04-2016 : 14-04-2016
12:30PM : 2:00PM
CULTNAT Auditorium

Description: Series of Lectures: The Timeline of the Egyptian Civilization
The Thirteenth Lecture: “Egypt through the Fatimid & Ayyubid periods”
Presented by: Dr. Muhammad Arafa – Islamic Monuments Consultant
Engineer: Niveen Adel Eid – Islamic Heritage Senior Specialist at CULTNAT

The Fatimid Caliphate in Egypt from (358 Hijri\ 969AD – 567 Hijri\ 1171AD) was an independent Caliphate. Its name was deprived from the name of Fatma Al Zahraa – daughter of Prophet Muhammad (salla llāhu ʿalayhi wa-alehe wa-sallam). This dynasty lasted in Egypt for two centuries under the rule of eleven Caliphs. The first Caliph was Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah and the last one was Al-Adid. During his rule, Salah Al Din Al Ayouby took power over Egypt and he started the Ayyubid dynasty. In this period Egypt became a Caliphate State not an emirate. The Ayyubid dynasty was founded by Salah Al Din Al Ayouby and lasted from (567 Hijri\ 1171AD – 648 Hijri\ 1250 AD). Crusades helped this state evolve and to win its war, the leader had to unite Egypt and Levant to face the danger. This reason made Salah Al Din Al Ayouby unite Egypt and Al Sham as one Nation to face this hazard. After this union was accomplished, the Muslims defeated the crusaders in the Battle of Hattin. It was the Battle that weakened the power of the crusaders and even paved the way to their extinction in the Mamluki Period.
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